Bradford Peace Trail
18 Reconcilliation
Reconciliation: Immediately in front of the University's J. B. Priestley Library on the university campus is a bronze sculpture of a man and a woman embracing over a barrier (the barbed wire separating them has been lost). It was the original of a sculpture created by Josephina de Vasconcellos (1904 - 2005) called 'Reunion' and unveiled here on 4th May 1977 by Nobel Peace prize winner, Sean McBride. It was renamed ‘Reconciliation’ later. The artist was present to celebrate the 21st anniversary of the Department of Peace Studies (see site 21) in 1994. On that
occasion she said:
'The sculpture was originally conceived in the aftermath of the War. Europe was in shock, people were stunned. I read in a newspaper about a woman who crossed Europe on foot to find her husband, and I was so moved that I made the sculpture. Then I thought that it wasn't only about the reunion of two people but hopefully a reunion of nations which had been fighting'.
There are copies of the sculpture in Hiroshima, in the grounds of Stormont Castle in Northern Ireland, in Coventry Cathedral and in Germany on the site of the Berlin Wall.
19 Commonweal Collection
The Commonweal Collection: The name 'Commonweal' means 'for the common good'. This Collection is a special library of some 11,000 books, pamphlets and other resources committed to nonviolent approaches to social change, with the complete works of Gandhi as its core. It came to Bradford in 1975 to be a resource for the newly established School of Peace Studies. It is a public library but in the University's J. B. Priestley Library. It is open to anyone who wants to use its resources. Please ask at the reception desk at the main entrance to the J.B. Priestley Library.
It began as the personal library of David Hoggett, who was paraplegic following a serious accident while he was working as an international volunteer. The library grew in the commune in Merthyr Tydfil that was set up to support him and was established as a Trust in 1963. It was transferred to Bradford when David Hoggett died in 1975.
Some of the social action resources of the Commonweal Collection are now also sited at Treehouse, the new Bradford Centre for Nonviolence, with its Fair Trade Cafe (2 Ashgrove, opposite the University).
Nuclear Disarmament Symbol
    The nuclear disarmament symbol: The Commonweal Collection keeps the original drawings of the nuclear disarmament symbol designed by Gerald Holtom in February 1958.  
In a letter to Hugh Brock, in the Commonweal archives, Gerald Holtom recalls his despair at the threat of nuclear annihilation:
'I drew myself: the representative of an individual in despair, with palms out stretched outwards and downwards in the manner of Goya's peasant before the firing squad. I formalised the drawing into a line and put a circle round it. It was ridiculous at first and such a puny thing....'
The symbol was also the semaphore signs for the letters N and D (Nuclear Disarmament). However, Holtom was not satisfied with this as it did not convey the positive need for creative and unilateral action that he knew was necessary to combat the threat of nuclear war. In the early hours of the morning, he was painting slogans on cloth to make banners for a march of the Direct Action Committee Against Nuclear War, when he received a flash of insight. The symbol turned upside down could represent the Tree of Life, a symbol that for Christians was one of hope and resurrection. Also, the inverted image made a semaphore U - for unilateral!
A few months later, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament group asked if it could adopt the symbol. It has now become a universal symbol of peace and protest.
Kenneth and David Hockney
Kenneth (1904 - 1978), artist father of the internationally famous artist David Hockney, created many CND posters for use in marches and demonstrations during the late 1950's and 1960's; the image above is from one of his posters at the Peace Museum (see site 16). Kenneth was a staunch member of the Methodist Peace Fellowship. David Hockney did military service as a Conscientious Objector and worked in a hospital from 1957 - 1958.
Although there is no public acknowledgement of his campaigning, or of his and his son's contributions, amongst so many others, Kenneth Hockney needs to be remembered.
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